An issue brief by Purvaja Modak, Research Fellow, International Relations – Geoeconomics, Centre for Public Policy Research.


The G20 (Group of Twenty) is the premier international forum for global economic and financial issues. It comprises of 19 countries and the European Union (EU). Its members account for more than 80% of world GDP, 75% of global trade and 60% of the world’s population.

This primer explains the grouping, its scope and history, its membership, its rotating presidency and troika system, its engagement groups and issues on the G20’s agenda. It concludes with a view on the legitimacy of the grouping and also discusses India’s upcoming presidency of the G20.

Click here to read the issue brief at CPPR website.

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